LOCATION OF PRUNUS SERRULATA “KANZAN”
Scientific name:Prunus serrulata var. “Kanzan” L.
Italian common name: Japanese cherry tree
Origin: Originally from China, it was imported to Japan where they then cultivated numerous varieties.
Habitat It thrives only in temperate climates with frost in winter and mild temperatures in summer. Very common in the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere and up to the Andes of South America and the mountains of Southeast Asia; they mostly grow on forest edges, in thickets, but also in a variety of different habitats, including sandy coasts, rocky places and cliffs.
Evergreen or deciduous: Deciduous
PLANT RECOGNITION OF PRUNUS SERRULATA “KANZAN”
Height: 7 – 10 m
Width (extension): 5 – 8 m
Habit: Small tree or large, fast growing shrub
Leaf: “serrula” (small saw) due to the serrated leaf margin. Alternate ovate dark green leaves, bronze when young, orange-yellow in autumn.
Flower: red buds bloom into large double intense pink flowers in clusters of 2-5 flowers;
Flowering: April – May
Fruit: In this variety, fruits are non-existent.
Trunk: Straight vigorous and stocky. The bark is the characteristic one of the cherry tree. With age, the bark detaches in horizontal stripes and has showy transverse lenticels.
Usually grafted on Prunus avium. It is therefore advisable to eliminate the buds under the graft so as not to have branches with different and less valuable flowering that suppress the grafted variety.
Light exposure:Full sun. Tolerate the wind.
Soil type: prefers fertile, moist but well-drained soil. It prefers a slight acidity of the ph. It tolerates a slight drought.
Soil acidity: Neutral or slightly acidic
Italian climatic area: H6. Minimum temperatures tolerated from -18°C. It does not live in tropical climates.
Water need:Frequent watering avoiding waterlogging (more information here)
Diseases: aphids, caterpillars, lead sickness, armillaria, leaf wilt.
Entered Europe in the 28th century and defined with different names depending on the shape and color of the flowers. The word Kanzan comes from a Chinese ideogram which means “sacred mountain” and defines the variety with double pink flowers.
It is a good plant to work as a bonsai. Since it has a growth rate that allows it to be controlled, and leaves that are not very large, it is undoubtedly a good idea to have it as a bonsai.
Not being able to reproduce them from seed, they can only be grafted using the rootstock.
In the kitchen
Prunus serrulata “Kanzan” is not used in cooking.
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Image sources: thanks to Pixabay and many thanks to Adrian Maur for the flowers; for the plan to Leobert; for the leaves in spring at HeungSoon; for leaves in autumn at JA2020; for the trunk at WikimediaImages; for the spinning at Christel.