Taraxacum officinale Weber

mondo-del-giardino tarassaco prato

IDENTIFICATION OF Taraxacum officinale Weber

Scientific name: Taraxacum officinale Weber

Italian common name: Dandelion – Dog’s tooth – Soffione (Showerhead) – Nonnino (Grandpa) – Wild chicory – Donkey chicory – Pork’s snout – Ingrassaporci (Pork fattener) – Brusaoci (Burn eyes) – Insalata di porci (Pork salad) – Pisciacane (Dog piss) – Lappa – Missinina – Piscialletto (Pee in bed) – Meadow sunflower – Grass del pig.


Origin: Central and Western Asia

Habit: Typical plant of temperate climates. In uncultivated fields and fertilized meadows throughout Italy. Widespread up to 2,000 meters. of altitude.

Evergreen or deciduous: Deciduous


Taraxacum officinale Weber

Height: 10 – 30 cm

world-of-the-garden dandelion habit

Width (extension): 10 – 30 cm

Habit: Perennial herbaceous plant

Leaf: simple, oblong, lanceolate and lobed leaves with toothed margin arranged in a basal rosette, whole or divided with triangular lobes, petiolate.

Flower: 2-4 cm wide “flower head” with bracts folded back like a calyx enclosing the receptacle from which hundreds of small flowers emerge that make up the intense yellow flower;

Flowering: April – May but also until autumn

Fruit: set of fruits (achenes) with a feathery beak (the whole forms the so-called pappus) from which the popular name of “dandelion” as the dispersion takes place thanks to the wind

garden-world dandelion flower

Properties: laxative, purifying, detoxifying, diuretic

Perfume: insignificant


Maintenance: none

Exposure to light: Sun, Partial shade

Soil type:

it does not need particular soils, but prefers loose soil and open spaces

Soil acidity: indifferent

Italian climatic area: all

garden-world dandelion leaves

Water requirement: low

Diseases: mildew, mold, powdery mildew, downy mildew, rust and scab.


It seems that Taraxacum can be distinguished from 35 to 57 different species, one of which in South America and one in Australia, but that in Italy there is Taraxacum officinale Weber. (treccani.it)

In mythology, the Dandelion was born from the dust raised by the chariot of Helios, God of sunlight, indicating all the LIGHT – DARK ambivalence of the remedy.

It is said that Theseus only ate Dandelion for a month before his adventure with the Minotaur. Dandelion therefore symbolizes nourishment, courage and audacity.

According to an Irish legend, the fairies hid in the dandelion when men arrived. (agopunturablog.it)


garden-world dandelion achenes

The official name Dandelion comes from the Greek tarakhḕ “disruption”, and àkos “remedy”: remedy for disturbance due to its ability to put the body back in order.

The dandelion or P’u-Kung-ying is used, in phytotherapy, in Traditional Chinese Medicine as a depurative capable of purifying the “Heat”, eliminating toxins and dispelling the nodules, with hepatic (hepatitis) and gastric tropism.

“[…] Even etymologically, the question remains open whether the remedy for disturbance is such because it reduces or causes it. A clear indication of the magical virtues of this plant.” (to know more)

Choleretic, cholagogue and diuretic properties. Excellent ally for digestive problems to regulate bile flow and to stimulate diuresis.

A French saying states that dandelion “purifies the renal filter and dries up the liver sponge”.

The leaves are also available in herbal medicine.

The name Dandelion comes from the clearly visible teeth of the leaf margins.

It is liked by bees who obtain a monofloral honey from it.

In the kitchen

The young leaves are harvested in spring to be used raw in salads. For soups, fillings and omelettes they are good cooked. The roasted root was used instead of coffee. The flower buds are preserved in oil or in brine where they can replace the capers.

The leaves and root contain many bioactive substances such as steroids, flavonoids, vitamins B1, B2, C and E etc. (for a list you can find everything here)


You can really collect it anywhere, perhaps with the root to make it a useful corner in the garden or in a vase.

Now on horseback! Work awaits us! Our new wonderful outdoor space is about to be born!

GOOD WORK and…if you have any questions, write to info@ilmondodelgiardino.com

Image sources: thanks to Pixabay and many thanks for the lawn to NoName_13 and for the lawn Bruno Germany; for the plant to Erstmal_Pause; for the flower to Peggychoucair; for the leaves to Hans; for the Achenes to Alexa; for seeds to InspiredImages; for flowers in the sky to Frauke Feind.

mondo-del-giardino tarassaco prato
Tarassaco Prato