Tilia cordata

mondo-del-giardino tilia cordata filare

IDENTIFICATION of Tilia cordata

Scientific name:

Tilia cordata

garden-world tilia cordata plant

Italian common name:

Tiglio (Linden)




It is a typical species with a Eurasian range. It is widespread from Spain (Basque Country, Catalonia, Pyrenees) to the Urals almost without interruption.

Evergreen or deciduous:


PLANT RECOGNITION of Tilia cordata


Second size tree up to 25 m

garden-world tilia cordata flowers

Width (extension):

15 m




it is heart-shaped up to 8 cm long, finely toothed, alternate, bright green in colour, paler on the underside, with tufts of reddish hairs in the corners of the ribs, ovate-cordate, asymmetric. In autumn it takes on a splendid yellow color before falling.


small cupped flower, creamy yellow in colour, with an intense scent gathered in axillary cymes of 5-10 flowers. The inflorescence is carried by an elliptical membranous bract.garden-world tilia cordata


late spring


The fruit is an oval-shaped capsule, ribbed, covered by felt, with indehiscent fruitlets of about 5-6 mm, brownish-grey when ripe (October), containing few (1-2) small and brown seeds.

garden-world tilia cordata leaf


Yes. Intense







balanced slow release ternate fertilizer or mature manure.

Light Exposure:

better sun, but it also tolerates partial shade and bright shade well (not in the north if covered by the house).

Soil type:

it prefers moist, fresh and fertile soils. It tolerates marly soils (of sedimentary rock).

Soil acidity:

PH neutral or not too acidic.

Italian climatic area:

it is present in the Alps and in the Apennines up to Basilicata. In Val Padana it is limited to the high plains, while it is almost absent in the low plains. In the mountains it goes up to about 1500 meters. Very rare in the Mediterranean area. It tolerates up to -20°.garden-world tilia cordata bracts

Need for water:

water only in the event of long periods of drought, great heat and beware of frosts if the tree is young.


wood caries, anthracnose, cercosporiosis, white sickness. Among the parasites the red rodilegno (Cossus cossus), the yellow rodilegno (Zeuzera pyrina, the American infantry (Hyphantria cunea), the limantria (Limantria dispar), the Euprottid (Euproctis chrysorrea) and the sphinx (Mimas tiliae), the cigar (Byctiscus betulae). Aphids and mites.

garden-world tilia cordata trunk


it is performed in late autumn. Moderate thinning and shortening of too long branches. The suckers must be removed.


It reproduces well from seed, but most of these germinate after 2 or 3 years.


The name of the genus tilia derives from ptilon which means wing, referring to the shape of the bract that surrounds the flowers. It was considered a sacred tree by the ancient Germanic peoples. The meaning of the “cordata” species derives from the heart shape of the leaves.

Its wood is homogeneous and easily workable, but it does not have great mechanical strength, so it is used only for kitchen accessories.

The famous linden honey is obtained from the tomentosa species and not from the cordata.


world-of-the-garden tilia cordata autumn

It is a plant with high resistance to pollution, which is why it is often used by public administrations.

Therapeutic use:

Flowers, bracts and buds can be used for infusions, decoctions or mother tinctures and to understand everything related to this world, we refer you for further information here

In the kitchen:It is not used.


It is a generous plant that gives always different beauty throughout the year. In spring the medium green heart-shaped leaves are immediately accompanied by the light green bracts giving a very pleasant chromatic and plastic effect. At the end of spring it blooms with beautiful and very fragrant flowers. After the flowers, the bracts produce fruits with long peduncles that are amusing and lovable to look at. In autumn the leaves turn a beautiful uniform yellow before falling, thus accompanying us to the rest of nature. The large leaves allow coverage from the summer heat and many of its parts can be used for herbal teas and calming decoctions.

Now on horseback! Work awaits us! Our new wonderful outdoor space is about to be born!

GOOD WORK and…if you have any questions, write to info@ilmondodelgiardino.com

Images sources: thanks to Pixabay and in particular Erich Westendarp for the row of lindens, Юрий Лютый for the flower, Hans for the leaf, the bracts, the branch of fruit and the group of fruits and leaves and Susanne Jutzeler for the leaves in autumn.

mondo-del-giardino spiraea x vanhouttei aiuola