IDENTIFICATION of Tilia cordata
Italian common name:
It is a typical species with a Eurasian range. It is widespread from Spain (Basque Country, Catalonia, Pyrenees) to the Urals almost without interruption.
Evergreen or deciduous:
PLANT RECOGNITION of Tilia cordata
Second size tree up to 25 m
it is heart-shaped up to 8 cm long, finely toothed, alternate, bright green in colour, paler on the underside, with tufts of reddish hairs in the corners of the ribs, ovate-cordate, asymmetric. In autumn it takes on a splendid yellow color before falling.
small cupped flower, creamy yellow in colour, with an intense scent gathered in axillary cymes of 5-10 flowers. The inflorescence is carried by an elliptical membranous bract.
The fruit is an oval-shaped capsule, ribbed, covered by felt, with indehiscent fruitlets of about 5-6 mm, brownish-grey when ripe (October), containing few (1-2) small and brown seeds.
balanced slow release ternate fertilizer or mature manure.
better sun, but it also tolerates partial shade and bright shade well (not in the north if covered by the house).
it prefers moist, fresh and fertile soils. It tolerates marly soils (of sedimentary rock).
PH neutral or not too acidic.
Italian climatic area:
it is present in the Alps and in the Apennines up to Basilicata. In Val Padana it is limited to the high plains, while it is almost absent in the low plains. In the mountains it goes up to about 1500 meters. Very rare in the Mediterranean area. It tolerates up to -20°.
Need for water:
water only in the event of long periods of drought, great heat and beware of frosts if the tree is young.
wood caries, anthracnose, cercosporiosis, white sickness. Among the parasites the red rodilegno (Cossus cossus), the yellow rodilegno (Zeuzera pyrina, the American infantry (Hyphantria cunea), the limantria (Limantria dispar), the Euprottid (Euproctis chrysorrea) and the sphinx (Mimas tiliae), the cigar (Byctiscus betulae). Aphids and mites.
it is performed in late autumn. Moderate thinning and shortening of too long branches. The suckers must be removed.
It reproduces well from seed, but most of these germinate after 2 or 3 years.
The name of the genus tilia derives from ptilon which means wing, referring to the shape of the bract that surrounds the flowers. It was considered a sacred tree by the ancient Germanic peoples. The meaning of the “cordata” species derives from the heart shape of the leaves.
Its wood is homogeneous and easily workable, but it does not have great mechanical strength, so it is used only for kitchen accessories.
The famous linden honey is obtained from the tomentosa species and not from the cordata.
It is a plant with high resistance to pollution, which is why it is often used by public administrations.
Flowers, bracts and buds can be used for infusions, decoctions or mother tinctures and to understand everything related to this world, we refer you for further information here
In the kitchen:It is not used.
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Images sources: thanks to Pixabay and in particular Erich Westendarp for the row of lindens, Юрий Лютый for the flower, Hans for the leaf, the bracts, the branch of fruit and the group of fruits and leaves and Susanne Jutzeler for the leaves in autumn.